Study Guide for Exam 2: Western Civilization 2

HI 102      Winter 2007




Terms- These terms will be the basis for short answer and multiple choice questions.  They will also help you prepare the essays, especially in terms of vocabulary.  You should be able to identify the place and date associated with each term, what it is, and why it is important.  You should also note any connection the term has with any other term on this list, and put things in chronological order.  Draw from the lectures AND the readings.



Seven Years’ War                    Diderot                         Robespierre

Liberalism                                 Napoleon                                 Rococo

Conservatism                            Socialism                                  James Watt

Romanticism                             Jacques-Louis David                Pamela

Rousseau                                  Copernicus                               Josiah Wedgwood

Montesquieu                             Galileo                                      Richard Arkwright

Voltaire                                    Rene Descartes                        Corn Laws

Mary Wollstonecraft                 Johannes Kepler                       Crimean War

Adam Smith                             Isaac Newton                           Congress of Vienna

Positivism                                 Charles Darwin             realism

Impressionism                           Anarchism                                Marxism

Realpolitik                                imperialism                               War of Austrian Succession

Philosophes                             Jethro Tull                                cottage system 





Essay:  The essay will be the major part of the exam and you should plan your time accordingly.  You need to follow regular essay format, which means write in formal English in full sentences, have an introduction with a thesis sentence or sentences, and have a conclusion.  Be sure to answer the question fully.  Please keep your focus on the societies that we have been studying and do not refer to modern society.  The mistake that most students make is that they are too general.  Avoid making broad, absolute statements.  You need to provide specific examples that support the claims that you are making.  Draw from the lectures, the textbook, and the primary source readings that you have been doing.  The best answers combine material from all three.  Do not just regurgitate the textbook or lectures, instead synthesize and interpret it.  This will show that you have thought about the course material.  Use the vocabulary that you have been learning in class and the reading, including the appropriate terms from the list above.  THREE of the following questions will appear on your exam, and you must answer ONE and only one.




  1. Most historians see the French Revolution as a major turning point in European history. Discuss the process of the French Revolution and its impact on European society.  Be sure to discuss specific events and people.


  1. The idea of revolution is one we often see in European history from the 17th to the 19th century.  Discuss this idea and the variety of revolutions that you think occurred during this time period- BUT do not discuss the French Revolution.  Provide evidence to support your claims by discussing specific people, events, and ideas.


  1. The place of women in European society changed from the 17th to the 19th century.  Discuss these changes, providing examples of specific women as well as larger changes in society, politics, economics and anything else you think relevant.    Please take into account such issues as class, and if possible, race and ethnicity.


  1. European intellectual life changed greatly from the 17th to the 19th century.  Discuss the changes, movements, and ideas that developed during this time, being sure to mention important figures and their works that influenced these developments.