Study Guide for Exam 2
HI 101 Western Civilization 1 Fall 2009
Terms- These terms will be the basis for multiple choice questions and short answers. They will also help you prepare the essays, especially in terms of vocabulary. You should be able to identify the place and time [look at the timelines I gave you for periodization and know the century] associated with each term, what it is, and why it is important or significant. You should also note any connection the term has with any other term on this list. Draw from the lectures AND the readings.
Carthage Constantine mystery religion Theocritius
Edict of Milan Hadrianís Wall Romulus Clovis
Alexander the Great optimates populares Augustine
Plebeian Assembly tribune Senate consul
Punic Wars Hannibal Marius Julius Caesar
Tiberius Gracchus Gaius Gracchus Twelve Tables First Triumvirate
patricians plebeians equites Pliny
latifundia Nika Riot Justinian Marius
Etruscans imperium Council of Nicaea heresy
Benedict of Nursia Sulla Koine Struggle of the Orders
Octavian/Augustus civitas Ptolemaics epigrams
Seleucids Tetrarchy Diocletian Cleopatra VII
Ruler cults Antiochus IV mos maiorum clientage
Patria potesta proletarians plebiscites Cicero
Pax Romana praetorian guard Isis Neoplatonism
Dominate curials Arianism Pachomius
Ostrogoths Visigoths Huns wergild
Iconoclasm ummah Mohammad Umayyad Caliphate
Review your notes about Roman engineering projects from the DVD
Refamilarize yourself with the following primary source: The Twelve Tables; Women and the Oppian Reforms; Accomplishments of Augustus; Plinyís Letters
Essay: The essay will be the major part of the exam and you should plan your time accordingly. You need to follow regular essay format, which means write in formal English in full sentences, have an introduction with a thesis sentence or sentences, and have a conclusion. Be sure to answer the question fully. Please keep your focus on the ancient societies that we have been studying and do not refer to modern society. The mistake that most students make is that they are too general. Avoid making broad, absolute statements. You need to provide specific examples that support the claims that you are making. Draw from the lectures, the textbook, and the primary source readings that you have been doing. The best answers combine material from all three. Do not just regurgitate the textbook or lectures, instead synthesize and interpret it. This will show that you have thought about the course material. Use the vocabulary that you have been learning in class, including the appropriate terms from the list above. Some of the following questions will appear on your exam, and you must answer ONE and only one.
1. Roman political life was complex. Describe how roman politics worked [both government forms and political participation] and trace how this developed and changed from Romeís foundation to the rule of Justinian.
2. Social status and hierarchy from the Hellenistic period through early Byzantine were fairly complex. Consider the place and role of elite males, women (making class distinction where you can), commoners/ farmers, and finally slaves. What were their experiences? What were the variations in these groups over time concerning their experiences, rights, and social mobility?
3. Art, architecture, literature, and philosophy often reflect the societies which produce them. Examine these elements in the Hellenistic, Roman and early Byzantine world. What were their subjects, issues, concerns, challenges, and connections to larger society?