Study Guide for Exam 2

HI 101                           Western Civilization 1                      Fall 2009


Terms- These terms will be the basis for multiple choice questions and short answers.  They will also help you prepare the essays, especially in terms of vocabulary.  You should be able to identify the place and time [look at the timelines I gave you for periodization and know the century] associated with each term, what it is, and why it is important or significant.  You should also note any connection the term has with any other term on this list.  Draw from the lectures AND the readings.




Carthage                                Constantine                 mystery religion          Theocritius

Edict of Milan                         Hadrianís Wall            Romulus                      Clovis

Alexander the Great               optimates                     populares                     Augustine

Plebeian Assembly                  tribune                         Senate                         consul                         

Punic Wars                              Hannibal                      Marius                         Julius Caesar

Tiberius Gracchus                   Gaius Gracchus           Twelve Tables             First Triumvirate

patricians                                 plebeians                     equites                         Pliny

latifundia                                 Nika Riot                    Justinian                      Marius

Etruscans                                 imperium                     Council of Nicaea       heresy 

Benedict of Nursia                    Sulla                            Koine                          Struggle of the Orders                    

Octavian/Augustus                   civitas                          Ptolemaics                   epigrams

Seleucids                                 Tetrarchy                     Diocletian                    Cleopatra VII

Ruler cults                               Antiochus IV                mos maiorum               clientage

Patria potesta                          proletarians                  plebiscites                    Cicero

Pax Romana                            praetorian guard          Isis                               Neoplatonism

Dominate                                curials                          Arianism                      Pachomius

Ostrogoths                              Visigoths                     Huns                            wergild

Iconoclasm                              ummah                        Mohammad                 Umayyad Caliphate





Other material                                         

Review your notes about Roman engineering projects from the DVD


Refamilarize yourself with the following primary source:  The Twelve Tables; Women and the Oppian Reforms; Accomplishments of Augustus; Plinyís Letters



Essay:  The essay will be the major part of the exam and you should plan your time accordingly.  You need to follow regular essay format, which means write in formal English in full sentences, have an introduction with a thesis sentence or sentences, and have a conclusion.  Be sure to answer the question fully.  Please keep your focus on the ancient societies that we have been studying and do not refer to modern society.  The mistake that most students make is that they are too general.  Avoid making broad, absolute statements.  You need to provide specific examples that support the claims that you are making.  Draw from the lectures, the textbook, and the primary source readings that you have been doing.  The best answers combine material from all three.  Do not just regurgitate the textbook or lectures, instead synthesize and interpret it.  This will show that you have thought about the course material.  Use the vocabulary that you have been learning in class, including the appropriate terms from the list above.  Some of the following questions will appear on your exam, and you must answer ONE and only one.



1.      Roman political life was complex.  Describe how roman politics worked [both government forms and political participation] and trace how this developed and changed from Romeís foundation to the rule of Justinian.


2.      Social status and hierarchy from the Hellenistic period through early Byzantine were fairly complex.  Consider the place and role of elite males, women (making class distinction where you can), commoners/ farmers, and finally slaves.  What were their experiences? What were the variations in these groups over time concerning their experiences, rights, and social mobility?


3.      Art, architecture, literature, and philosophy often reflect the societies which produce them.  Examine these elements in the Hellenistic, Roman and early Byzantine world.  What were their subjects, issues, concerns, challenges, and connections to larger society?