Study Guide for Exam 2

Early Empires                 HI 211  

Lindgren                Winter 2009



Terms:  These will be the source of multiple choice and identifications.  Study when, where, who, what they did, and why they are historically significant.  Knowing which civilizations and empires they are associated with will also be beneficial.  Know basic tenets or beliefs in relation to religions.


Radanites                                Four Noble Truths                    Edicts of Ashoka

Sogdians                                  Kushan Empire                        Chandragupta I

The Assassins                           Maurya dynasty                        dharma

Mani                                        Ashoka                                    Mohammed

gnostic                                      samsara                                    shi’at Ali

sangha                                     shamanism                                Sunni [ites]

Amitabha                                  stupa                                        William of Rubruck

Mahayana Buddhism                Tarim Basin                              Ahmad [China]

bodhisattva                             Uighurs                                    Ch’an

caliph                                       Umayyads                                Kalinga

Council of Chalcedon               Nestorian Christianity                Zoroastrianism

Dhimmi                                   Rashid al-Din                            Mar Yaballaha III

Timur Gurgan/Tamerlane           Sufis                                         Turks

Abbasid revolution                    Islamic scholarship                    Yaghbus

Chandragupta Maurya              Chandragupta II                       Brahmans

Sanskrit                                    Baghdad                                   Harun al-Rashid                       

Manichaeism                            Silk Road                                 religious syncretism


Know the mudras and other common representations in Buddhist art.



Essay:  This will be worth less this time- plan your time accordingly.


In his Rock Edicts, Ashoka says, “[C]ontact between religions is good.  One should listen to and respect the doctrines professed by others.”  Reflect on this sentiment as it applies to the history of the Silk Road (including Ashoka’s empire and later Indian empires).  Was this an idea that was prevalent along the Silk Road, or did other attitudes prevail?   If so, what were these other attitudes? Were there certain times and places where you could argue this sentiment did apply?  Be sure to provide examples to back up your claims.