Study Guide for Exam 2
Early Empires HI 211
Lindgren Winter 2009
Terms: These will be the source of multiple choice and identifications. Study when, where, who, what they did, and why they are historically significant. Knowing which civilizations and empires they are associated with will also be beneficial. Know basic tenets or beliefs in relation to religions.
Radanites Four Noble Truths Edicts of Ashoka
Sogdians Kushan Empire Chandragupta I
The Assassins Maurya dynasty dharma
Mani Ashoka Mohammed
gnostic samsara shi’at Ali
sangha shamanism Sunni [ites]
Amitabha stupa William of Rubruck
Mahayana Buddhism Tarim Basin Ahmad [China]
bodhisattva Uighurs Ch’an
caliph Umayyads Kalinga
Council of Chalcedon Nestorian Christianity Zoroastrianism
Dhimmi Rashid al-Din Mar Yaballaha III
Timur Gurgan/Tamerlane Sufis Turks
Abbasid revolution Islamic scholarship Yaghbus
Chandragupta Maurya Chandragupta II Brahmans
Sanskrit Baghdad Harun al-Rashid
Manichaeism Silk Road religious syncretism
Know the mudras and other common representations in Buddhist art.
Essay: This will be worth less this time- plan your time accordingly.
In his Rock Edicts, Ashoka says, “[C]ontact between religions is good. One should listen to and respect the doctrines professed by others.” Reflect on this sentiment as it applies to the history of the Silk Road (including Ashoka’s empire and later Indian empires). Was this an idea that was prevalent along the Silk Road, or did other attitudes prevail? If so, what were these other attitudes? Were there certain times and places where you could argue this sentiment did apply? Be sure to provide examples to back up your claims.