Study Guide for Exam 1

HI 102                           Western Civilization 2                      Winter 2007


Terms- These terms will be the basis for short answer and multiple choice questions.  They will also help you prepare the essays, especially in terms of vocabulary.  You should be able to identify the place and time associated with each term, what it is, and why it is important.  You should also note any connection the term has with any other term on this list, and put things in chronological order.  Draw from the lectures AND the readings.



Absolutism                   King Henry IV [Henry of Navarre]                   Ignatius Loyola

John Calvin                   Sir Robert Walpole                                           Spice Islands

Martin Luther               Catherine de Medicis                                        Edict of Nantes

Anabaptists                  Freedom of a Christian                                 Thomas Hobbes

Emperor Charles V       Glorious Revolution                                          James I

Oliver Cromwell           Vasco da Gama                                                mannerism

Charles I                      Suzanne Gaudry                                               Olaudah Equiano

Spanish Fury                The English Bill of Rights                                   bureaucracy

Henry VIII                   St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre                     Edict of Restitution

Indulgences                  Treaty of Westphalia                                         Peace of Augsburg   

Versailles                      Act of Supremacy                                             Society of Jesus

The Fronde                  Peter the Great                                                 Louis XIV

Boyars                         Spanish Armanda                                             Constitutionalism

Classicism                    War of Spanish Succession                               Atlantic system

Raison d’état               War of the Polish Succession                            Thirty Years War

Baroque                       New Spain                                                       Elizabeth I                                                       

Essay:  The essay will be the major part of the exam and you should plan your time accordingly.  You need to follow regular essay format, which means write in formal English in full sentences, have an introduction with a thesis sentence or sentences, and have a conclusion.  Be sure to answer the question fully.  Please keep your focus on the societies that we have been studying and do not refer to modern society.  The mistake that most students make is that they are too general.  Avoid making broad, absolute statements.  You need to provide specific examples that support the claims that you are making.  Draw from the lectures, the textbook, and the primary source readings that you have been doing.  The best answers combine material from all three.  Do not just regurgitate the textbook or lectures, instead synthesize and interpret it.  This will show that you have thought about the course material.  Use the vocabulary that you have been learning in class and the reading, including the appropriate terms from the list above.  TWO of the following questions will appear on your exam, and you must answer ONE and only one.


  1. The early modern period of European history is a period in which monarchs tried to assert their authority over their countries and their people.  Some monarchs were more successful than others with these attempts.  Pick three [3] monarchs [not monarchies!] that range from very successful to not successful in gaining control over their states.  Which elements of their states did they attempt to control?  How did they go about it?   Why or why not did these attempts meet success?


  1. The 16th and 17th centuries were ones of intense religious conflict.  What were the major issues of these religious conflicts?  What were the results as they played out in the various states of Europe? 


  1. 16th and 17th century Europe was a period primarily of war, with sporadic outbreaks of peace.  What were the chief military conflicts of this time?  What were they about? How was peace or compromise achieved? What was the impact of warfare on European society?